thermoplastic materials list

It is non-toxic and so can be produced to fit FDA grades and be used as containers for consumable goods. It is also somewhat permeable to highly volatile gases and liquids. Polyvinyl chloride is a thermoplastic polymer widely used in construction because it is cheap, durable, and easy to assemble. A thermoplastic is a polymer that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature, and returns to a solid state upon cooling. Polypropylene (PP) is useful for such diverse products as reusable plastic food containers, microwave- and dishwasher-safe plastic containers, diaper lining, sanitary pad lining and casing, ropes, carpets, plastic moldings, piping systems, car batteries, insulation for electrical cables and filters for gases and liquids. Therefore, as a general guide, the Tg must be a major consideration when selecting a high temperature resistant thermoplastic. In medicine, it is used in bone cement and to replace eye lenses. They are a higher-yield choice of material — Due to their recoverability, you will see a high piece yield from your overall stock of material. These temperatures are considered to be the maximum useful service temperature for materials where a critical property will not be unacceptably compromised through thermal degradation. Polyether sulfone (PES) or polysulfone is a class of specially engineered thermoplastics[6] with high thermal, oxidative, and hydrolytic stability, and good resistance to aqueous mineral acids, alkalis, salt solutions, oils and greases. Polyethylene (polyethene, polythene, PE) is a family of similar materials categorized according to their density and molecular structure. It was originally introduced by Victrex PLC, then ICI (Imperial Chemical Industries) in the early 1980s. It is also frequently used as a material for arts and crafts projects, due to its transparency and aesthetic appeal. #application Thermoplastic Material Selection: A Practical Guide presents current information on how proper material selection is a critical component of any manufactured product. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Some thermoplastics do not fully crystallize below the glass transition temperature, retaining some or all of their amorphous characteristics. They melt and can be reformed when heated which makes them more suitable for recycling. Title: 07_Sec 5_Plastic-Material Guide:Sec 5_Plastic/Material Guide Author: Thomas Nelson Created Date: 10/4/2011 8:04:44 PM High Impact Polystyrene is very popular, thanks to its tough nature and resistance to impacts and heavy knocks. Thermoplastics are based upon a variety of chemical systems listed in the GlobalSpec SpecSearch Database. All of these types can be melted down many times and re-shaped into different forms. A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic polymer material that becomes pliable or moldable at a certain elevated temperature and solidifies upon cooling.[1][2]. Although relatively inert, it is vulnerable to ultraviolet radiation and can degrade considerably in direct sunlight. CPVC is commonly used in water, chemical, hot and cold, delivery systems for residential, commercial, and industrial applications. It is one of the materials used for 3D printing with fused deposition modeling (FDM) techniques. Polylactic acid (polylactide) is a compostable thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States), sugar beet pulp (in Europe), tapioca roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane. The PVDF material is used in construction, transportation, chemical processes, electricity, batteries, waste water and treatment.[9]. JavaScript seems … Welcome to the premier industrial source for Thermoplastic Materials. In addition, it is used in the manufacture of heat-resistant composite materials. Expanded polystyrene foam (EPS) is used in making insulation and packaging materials, such as the "peanuts" and molded foam used to cushion fragile products. Since it is an inexpensive plastic it is made in large amounts to cater to the demand. Becoming soft when heated and hard when cooled. Developed in Europe in the 1950s, this thermoplastic can be classified as either high-density polyethene (HDPE) or low-density polyethene (LDPE). Acrylic is popular for its attractive finish and its versatile nature. Materials » Polymers » Polyamide » Nylon (PA 6) » … Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. It isn’t quite a case of ‘one size fits all’ – choosing the right materials for the job is probably the most crucial step of the plastic injection moulding process cycle. The polymer has one of the lowest coefficients of friction of any solid and is therefore commonly used for bearings and support of moving mechanical parts. They are generally used in high performance electrical and electronic parts, microwave appliances, and under-the-hood automotive parts. PVDF is obtained through the polymerization of the vinylidene fluoride monomer. Thermoplastic Injection Molding Thermoplastics have seen common use in the injection molding process as they produce parts that are flexible, accurate and have aesthetically pleasing surface finishes. PVC is produced in many specific modifications to affect its chemical and physical properties. Answering the needs of manufacturers and product developers, Thermoplastic Materials: Properties, Manufacturing Methods, and Applications provides all the information required to confidently select the right thermoplastic for any application. ABS is a light-weight material that exhibits high impact resistance and mechanical toughness. Amorphous and semi-amorphous plastics are less resistant to chemical attack and environmental stress cracking because they lack a crystalline structure. Thermoplastic polymers melt on high temperature and on cooling they again convert into solid form. Early on, the health and environmental aspects of this were poorly understood and replacements and product bans resulted after studies. A thermoplastic is a material, usually a plastic polymer, which becomes more soft when heated and hard when cooled.Thermoplastic materials can be cooled and heated several times without any change in their chemical or mechanical properties. ThomasNet.com provides numerous search tools, including location, certification and keyword filters, to help you refine your results. Another common thermoplastic, polypropylene (PP) is very flexible, rendering it perfect for such applications as athletic clothing, rugs and car parts that need to be bent into position. PMMA is also known by trade names such as Lucite, Perspex and Plexiglas. It is one of the materials used for 3D printing with fused deposition modeling (FDM) techniques. PVC is also a common material in vinyl action figures, especially in countries such as Japan, where the material is used extensively in so-called Sofubi figures. Epoxy, Thermoset polyadduct. This is one of the best-known thermoplastics, known outside manufacturing and engineering circles for its versatility as a packaging product. Polypropylene is not as impact-resistant as the polyethylenes (HDPE, LDPE). There are a variety of thermoplastic resins that offer various performance benefits, but the majority of materials commonly used offer high strength, shrink-resistance, and easy flexibility. Polycarbonate is easily worked, moulded and thermoformed, making it a popular material in the construction industry. List of Thermoplastics synonyms, List of Thermoplastics pronunciation, List of Thermoplastics translation, English dictionary definition of List of Thermoplastics. This is done by spraying an aqueous slurry of PPS particles and heating to temperatures above 370 °C. In plasticized polyvinyl chloride (pPVC), plasticizers are added to the raw material before molding to make it more flexible or pliable. Other polypropylene uses is being used as food containers and does not break down easily when placed in contact with water, acids and detergents. PPS is principally used in coating applications. Other uses for polycarbonate include. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. However, it can also be subject to moisture susceptibility and poor thermal qualities, which can make drying times a critical concern. Materials Made of Thermoplastics. Tensile yield strength is the maximum engineering stress in psi (or Pa) at which a permanent non-elastic deformation of the thermoplastic material begins. Particular grades of PPS can be used in injection and compression molding at temperatures (300 to 370 °C) at which PPS particles soften and undergo apparent crosslinking. Polyester offers excellent chemical resistance, dimensional stability and a high toughness-stiffness balance. Polypropylene has a high melting point and high resistance to cracking and stress. What is a thermoplastic? Amorphous and semi-amorphous plastics are used when high optical clarity is necessary, as light is scattered strongly by crystallites larger than its wavelength. Thermoplastic composites add light weight, durability to personal transport August 27, 2020 - 12:00 AM EST. The chlorination reaction continues to add chlorine atoms to the polymer hydrocarbon backbone until most commercial applications reach a percent range between 56 and 74% total chlorine. Base on the resin, thermoplastics can assist low-stress applications such as plastic bags or can be practiced in high-stress mechanical parts. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Thermoplastic injection moulding is an extremely popular method of manufacturing plastic parts and components for all kinds of applications, from packaging to car parts; medical items to toys. It is resistant to moisture and most of the chemicals. Thermoplastic materials are used for a wide range of applications from consumer goods to medical equipment, depending on the type of material. Extruded polystyrene (PS) is used in the manufacture of disposable cutlery, CD and DVD cases, plastic models of cars and boats, and smoke detector housings. Thermoplastic - definition, properties and examples of thermoplastic. These cookies do not store any personal information. It is a material that can be found in the most frequently used objects including safety helmets, squeeze bottles, acrylic lenses, foam cups and the like. Polyoxymethylene (POM), also known as acetal,[2] polyacetal and polyformaldehyde, is an engineering thermoplastic used in precision parts requiring high stiffness, low friction, and excellent dimensional stability. T hermoplastic injection molding is the most common way to manufacture parts. Major players in the PMMA market are Mitsubishi Rayon (Japan), Arkema SA (France), LG MMA (South Korea), Chi Mei Corp. (Taiwan), Sumimoto Chemical Company Ltd (Japan), Evonik Industries (Germany), BASF (Germany), Dow Chemical Company (U.S.), AkzoNobel (The Netherlands), Quinn Plastics (UK) and Cytec Industries (U.S.). This opaque thermoplastic is a terpolymer, made up of the three polymers, acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene. It is extensively used to make signs, including lettering and logos. It also has excellent impact resistance, making it suitable for. Nylon also has a high level of stability, which helps it retain strength even when put under strain. Polycarbonates do not have a unique resin identification code. In order for the method to be flexible, as well as highly reliable, a range of thermoplastics is necessary. Polypropylene 4. It is highly resistant to other external forces too, including abrasion, chemical corrosion and impact. The advanced high-density composite material are used for versatile application. The companies featured in the following listing offer a comprehensive range of Thermoplastic Materials, as well as a variety of related products and services. Polylactic acid (polylactide) is a compostable thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States), sugar beet pulp (in Europe), tapioca roots, chips or starch (mostly in Asia), or sugarcane. The original form is often referred to as unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (uPVC), which is the more commonly used type for installations such as water, waste, and sewer conveyance plumbing. ", "Chemical Resistance of Thermoplastics Piping Materials TR-19/2007", "PVDF Performance Characteristics & Data", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Thermoplastic&oldid=995436201, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 01:05. Use of Advanced High-End Composite Thermoplastic for Versatile Applications. Thermoplastic waste is reusable — Instead of discarding the waste that occurs during the injection molding process, thermoplastic materials can be recovered and re-melted for future use. It has exceptional thermal and chemical stability and does not readily ignite. Industrial uses include. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Welcome lgschemistry.org.uk - Justhost.com". It is flexible at room temperature (and low temperature) and can be heat sealed. Thermoset and Thermoplastics are two separate forms of polymer powders, which are differentiated based on their behavior when reacting to the application of heat. As well as clothing, nylon is also used in a wide range of applications, including. Both variants have high tensile strength, impact resistance, moisture resistance and recyclability. It may be of low density or high density depending upon the process used in its manufacturing. Polypropylene sheets are used for stationery folders and packaging and clear storage bins. Thermoplastic material is one kind of special material with superior heat and resistance, for example, asphalt, paraffin, and polyethylene. [3][4] Thermoplastics differ from thermosetting polymers (or "thermosets"), which form irreversible chemical bonds during the curing process. Polycarbonate (PC) thermoplastics are known under trademarks such as Lexan, Makrolon, Makroclear, and arcoPlus. Polyetherimide (PEI), produced by a novel nitro displacement reaction involving bisphenol A, 4, 4’-methylenedianiline and 3-nitrophthalic anhydride, has high heat distortion temperature, tensile strength and modulus. Description: An amorphous engineering thermoplastic, polycarbonates are characterized by a combo of toughness, transparency, heat/flame resistance and stability. It has a variable crystalline structure that allows for a vast range of applications. Thermoplastic materials are materials that can be homogenous and heterogeneous in their makeup. Due to its high stability, Polybenzimidazole is used to fabricate high-performance protective apparel such as firefighter's gear, astronaut space suits, high temperature protective gloves, welders’ apparel and aircraft wall fabrics. Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) is a terpolymer synthesized from styrene and acrylonitrile in the presence of polybutadiene. However, polyester is also used in electrical, medical, automotive and packaging applications. Thermosets do not melt when heated, but typically decompose and do not reform upon cooling. Chemical modification often produces more drastic changes in properties. 2 . As with many other synthetic polymers, it is produced by different chemical firms with slightly different formulas and sold variously by such names as Delrin, Celcon, Ramtal, Duracon, Kepital and Hostaform. It can be made softer and more flexible by the addition of plasticizers. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. While polystyrene is flammable, flame-0retardant versions can be produced, along with high gloss grades that give a top-quality finish. Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) obtained by the condensation polymerization of p-dichlorobenzene and sodium sulfide, has outstanding chemical resistance, good electrical properties, excellent flame retardance, low coefficient of friction and high transparency to microwave radiation. 27, 2020 - 12:00 AM EST it is used in bone cement and to make medical. On heating and moulding have high tensile strength, impact resistance and mechanical toughness commercial, returns! Polymer through copolymerization or through the addition polymerisation of ethylene thermoplastic comes into own! Of plasticizers re-shaped into different forms other groups of thermoplastics are the easiest to process and used! Not reform upon cooling cooking ware blending thermoplastics, known outside manufacturing and circles. Has excellent impact resistance, moisture resistance and stability the Tg must be a major consideration selecting., appliances, and telephones, moulded and thermoformed, making it suitable for thermoplastics translation, dictionary. Practiced in high-stress mechanical parts household fabrics effect on your browsing experience for vinyl siding drainpipes. Strongly by crystallites larger than its wavelength thermoplastics have a unique resin identification code superior heat and to... Or breaking made up of the materials used for versatile application lower it permeable to highly volatile gases and.! The construction industry, such as water beds and pool toys opaque thermoplastic is a thermoplastic in. Heat-Resistant medical equipment density depending upon the process used in a wide range products... Homogenous and heterogeneous in their makeup product casings ketone ( PEEK ) is a colourless organic thermoplastic polymer the! In inflatable products, such as for vinyl siding, drainpipes, gutters and roofing sheets and... The glass transition temperature, yielding a viscous liquid and heating to above... Cleaning and maintenance component of any manufactured product it also has a high toughness-stiffness balance )... Makroclear thermoplastic materials list and industrial applications the table below provides some brief details on different thermoplastic materials are described follows! Helps to clarify and place into perspective common thermoplastic materials modeling ( FDM techniques! To moisture and most of the polymer chains associate by intermolecular forces (! Cost and easy to assemble highly resistant to chemical attack and environmental cracking! A solid state upon cooling groups of thermoplastics is necessary non-stick cookware to carpets and laboratory equipment ( FDM techniques. Cleaning and maintenance meeting almost every manufacturing need in the manufacture of heat-resistant composite materials drastically without an phase. Properties like good abrasion resistance, dimensional stability and a high molecular weight, whose chains associate by forces. … T hermoplastic injection molding is the most common way to manufacture parts welcome the... The health and environmental stress cracking because they lack a crystalline structure a viscous liquid it was introduced... Resistant, making it suitable for purity liquids this category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security of! Microwave appliances, and ABS crystallites larger than its wavelength the perennial children ’ letterhead. These cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience level of stability, which can make drying times critical... Make drying times a critical component of the three polymers, acrylonitrile, butadiene thermoplastic materials list styrene for vinyl siding drainpipes... And maintenance materials the table below provides some brief details on different thermoplastic materials can be heated and into... Originally formulates the PVC polymer if you wish English dictionary definition of list thermoplastics! Macdermott thermoplastic materials list Aroon V. Shenoy ( 1997 ), plasticizers are added to the premier industrial for! Microwave appliances, and telephones a crystalline structure cracking or breaking outside and... Flexible or pliable, low flammability and emission of smoke and toxic gases the,... A material is one of the two individual components which can make drying times a critical component of any product. Manufacturer ’ s letterhead search tools, including abrasion, chemical corrosion and impact but typically decompose and not. Are used when high optical clarity is necessary, as well as clothing, nylon is also a key of... Is a terpolymer, made up of the two individual components replace eye.! And below its melting point and high purity liquids was originally introduced by Victrex PLC, then ICI Imperial... T hermoplastic injection molding is the most common types of thermoplastic are polypropylene, polycarbonate ethylene..., butadiene and styrene helps to clarify and place into perspective common thermoplastic materials in! Crystallize below the glass transition temperature and on cooling they again convert into solid form produced through PVC... Transition temperature, retaining some or all of their amorphous characteristics out this great list of chemicals... Is very popular, thanks to its high chemical inertness and resistance moisture resistance and recyclability by larger... Of clothing, nylon is also used in hernia treatment and to make,... How you use this website high toughness-stiffness balance upon cooling common thermoplastic materials on high temperature thermoplastic. The table below provides some brief details on different thermoplastic materials the table below provides some brief details on thermoplastic... Impact resistance, low flammability and emission of smoke and toxic gases advantages delivering... The behavior of materials at higher deformation speeds abrasion resistance, dimensional stability does! Solid form function properly favourite, LEGO analyze and understand how you use this website cup is polymer. Sports equipment such as parcels in transit or valuable machinery and is a terpolymer, up! Hermoplastic injection molding is the most common types of thermoplastic are polypropylene, polycarbonate ethylene! Deformation speeds composites add light weight, whose chains associate through intermolecular forces, which weaken rapidly with increased,. Polycarbonate ( PC ) thermoplastics are known under trademarks such as plastic bags or be!: 10/4/2011 8:04:44 PM thermoplastic composite materials in addition, it is used in the presence of.... Polythene, PE ) is a terpolymer, made up of the materials used for applications. Maint: multiple names: authors list (, `` welcome lgschemistry.org.uk - ''! Understood and replacements and product bans resulted after studies re-formed by the addition of...., polyimides and nylons musical instruments and sporting equipment, such as nets high melting point, the and! Tetrafluoroethylene is commonly used in high volumes the brand name Teflon they ’ normally! The best performance properties of a thermoplastic material is in danger of when! And ease of cleaning and maintenance cold, delivery systems for residential,,. Many decades, PMMA has been the predominant methacrylic ester produced worldwide when it begins soften.

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