If the days ratio is continually higher it means the business is paying its suppliers late which could eventually lead to supply problems. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Any downward trend in the Creditor Days ratio means that an increasing amount of cash (possibly from overdrafts) is needed to finance the business, this can be a major problem for an expanding businesses. Credit analysis ratios Financial Ratios Financial ratios are created with the use of numerical values taken from financial statements to gain meaningful information about a company are tools that assist the credit analysis process. What is Master Budget ? In addition, the trade payables payment period is compared with the trade receivable collection period to compare the pace of receiving and paying cash on trading activities. As an approximation of the amount spent with trade creditors, the convention is to use cost of sales in the formula which is as follows: Average Collection Period Formula= Average accounts receivable balance / Average credit sales per day The first formula is mostly used for the calculation by the investors and other professionals. Creditors / Payable Turnover Ratio (or) Creditors Velocity = Net Credit Annual Purchases / Average Trade Creditors Trade Creditors = Sundry Creditors + Bills Payable Average Trade Creditors = (Opening Trade Creditors + Closing Trade Creditors) / 2 You Can Have a Good Ratio and Still Carry Debt. The creditor days should be the same as your Terms of Trade with suppliers. This results in the loss for the lender in the form of disruption of cash flows and increased collection cost. Formula: In above formula, numerator includes only credit purchases. In the above example it is assumed that other creditors does not relate to purchases, for example it might relate to deposits or deferred income, and it is therefore excluded from the calculation. This channel has now moved to the official Business Loan Services Channel. This is also known as a payable turnover ratio. Sometimes, there may be credit purchase. The Higher quick ratio is a good sign for investors, but an even better sign to creditors because creditors want to know they will be paid back on time. | What are its advantages? Ratio of net credit sales to average trade debtors is called debtors turnover ratio. Net credit sales is also useful for calculating a number of financial ratios. A low ratio indicates that the company is already heavily depending on debts for its operations. He has worked as an accountant and consultant for more than 25 years and has built financial models for all types of industries. Interpreting the Debt Ratio. We need to compare this number with the other companies in the same industry and see where we stand. A business concern may not purchase its all items on cash basis. Debtor Days = (3,000,000 / 20,000,000) * 365; Debtor Days = 54.75 days This number you see alone has no significance as such. Debt Ratio Formula The average payment period ratio represents the average number of days taken by the firm to pay its creditors. Days Payable Outstanding (DPO) or as it’s also called, creditor days ratio (CDR), is an efficient formula that shows how long it takes for a company to repay its suppliers. Creditors turnover ratio is also know as payables turnover ratio.. The following formula is used to calculate creditors / payable turnover ratio. The creditor days ratio shows the average number of days your business takes to pay suppliers. Credit Period Formula = Days / Receivable Turnover Ratio Where, Average Accounts Receivable = It is calculated by adding the Beginning balance of the accounts receivable in the company with its ending balance of the accounts receivable and then dividing by 2. Factor in the potential debt of the borrower. If you’ve only got one credit card and you’ve spent $400 out of a possible $2,000 this month, your debt-to-credit ratio is 20%. Debt ratio is the ratio of total debt liabilities of a company to the total assets of the company; this ratio represents the ability of a company to hold the debt and be in a position to repay the debt if necessary on an urgent basis. As you can see, Tim’s ratio is .67. This ratio indicates the degree of efficiency of management in paying creditors amount. Interest Coverage Ratio (Times Interest Earned) Indicates a company's capacity to meet interest payments. Use information from your annual profit and loss statement along with the trade creditors figure from your balance sheet for that financial year to calculate this ratio. A company that has a debt ratio of more than 50% is known as a "leveraged" company. Your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio is the percentage of your monthly income that goes toward paying your debt. In the absence of opening and closing balances of trade debtors and credit sales, the debtors turnover ratio can be calculated by dividing the total sales by the balance of debtors (including bills receivable). Potential debt refers to the debt which can be taken on by an individual on the basis of his credit card balances and general creditworthiness for obtaining new credit lines. “Creditor days” is a similar ratio to debtor days and it gives an insight into whether a business is taking full advantage of trade credit available to it. The formula is written as. It is very similar to Debtors / Inventory Turnover Ratio. What are Credit Analysis Ratios? Factor in the potential debt of the borrower. 67 percent of the company’s assets are owned by shareholders and not creditors. Formula Long-Term Debt Long-Term Debt + Owners' Equity. It's important not to confuse your debt-to-income ratio with your credit utilization, which represents the amount of debt you have relative to your credit card and line of credit limits. Accounts receivables is the term which includes trade debtors and bills receivables. Many lenders, especially mortgage and auto lenders, use your debt-to-income ratio to figure out … In other words, it leverages on outside sources of financing. It compares creditors with the total credit purchases. If a business chooses to liquidate, all of the company assets are sold and its creditors and shareholders have claims on its assets. Accounts payable include both sundry creditors and bills payable. The results of the debt ratio can be expressed in percentage or decimal. When using this average collection period ratio formula, the number of days can be a year (365) or a nominal accounting year (360) or any other period, so long as the other data—average accounts receivable and net credit sales—span the same number of days. In the absence of opening and closing balances of trade debtors and credit sales, the debtors turnover ratio can be calculated by dividing the total sales by the balance of debtors (including bills receivable). A debt to credit ratio is also known as credit utilization. You can best manage your credit utilization by keeping your credit card balances below 30% of the credit limit. A lending institution that accepts deposits must have a certain measure of liquidity to maintain its normal daily operations. Let’s say you have a credit card with an $8,000 credit limit on it, and you have a balance of $5,000 due. As with all ratios, the accounts payable turnover is specific to different industries. Accounts payable include both sundry creditors and bills payable. Like other ratios, this ratio is observed over a period of time and compared with the other businesses in the same industry. Conclusion. If opening trade creditors information is not available, closing trade creditors can be used for calculation. This simple and basic Excel Spreadsheet will help you with trending Financial Statement data over a three year period. of Working Days / Creditors Turnover Ratio. CDR is used together with other ratios such as the accounts receivable days and the inventory turnover ratio in order to monitor the working capital. Formula to Calculate Creditor’s Turnover Ratio Net Credit Purchases = Gross Credit Purchases – Purchase Return Trade Payables = Creditors + Bills Payable Average Trade Payables = (Opening Trade Payables + Closing Trade Payables)/2 The resulting figure shows how many days on average the firm took to pay its creditors. A very high ratio could have implications at the systemic level. It takes into account any reductions in credit sales caused by discounts, returns, and other allowances. As in all things, there are few absolutes in personal … The formula for debt ratio requires two variables: total liabilities and total assets. In addition to your credit score, your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio is an important part of your overall financial health.Calculating your DTI may help you determine how comfortable you are with your current debt, and also decide whether applying for credit is the right choice for you. Credit utilization is an important piece of your credit health. Debt to Equity Indicates how well creditors are protected in case of the company's insolvency. Assuming. If the days ratio is trending lower than the normal terms of trade it could indicate that suppliers are being paid too early, reducing the amount of cash available in the business, or it might possibly be due to early settlement discounts being taken from suppliers. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); It takes the business on average 82 days to pay its suppliers. This ratio estimates the average time it takes a business to settle its debts with trade suppliers. Credit risk is the risk of non-payment of a loan by the borrower. Debtors Turnover Ratio = Credit Sales/Average debtors = $4,800 / $1,200 = 4 times. It means that the business uses more of debt to fuel its funding. It also has the relevant liquidity and efficiency ratios that are calculated by the spreadsheet In the example above, the total amount of debt carried across the accounts is $970, and the total available credit is $5,000. These ratios help analysts and investors determine whether individuals or corporations are capable of fulfilling financial obligations. Definition and Explanation: It is a ratio of net credit purchases to average trade creditors. The formula can be modified to exclude cash payments to suppliers, since the numerator should include only purchases on credit … The proprietary ratio shows the contribution of stockholders’ in total capital of the company. It is also known as receivables turnover ratio. Calculation of Creditors Payment Period. The loan to deposit ratio is used to calculate a lending institution's ability to cover withdrawals made by its customers. Percentage of Net Purchases to Payable = Net Purchases / Payable x 100, Percentage of Payable to Net Purchase = Payable / Net Purchases x 100, Average Payment Period Ratio (or) Average Age of Payable = Average Trade Creditors / Net Credit Purchase per day or Per week or per month, Net Credit Purchase per day or per week or per month = Net Credit Purchase for the period / No. The formula is as below, Creditors Turnover ratio = \(\frac{Credit Purchases}{Average Creditors}\) OR. To find net credit sales, start with total sales on credit for a given period. Credit turnover ratio is similar to the debtors turnover ratio. How creditors evaluate the debt-to-equity ratio varies depending on the type of business or industry. Instead, total purchases will have to be calculated by adding the ending inventory to the cost of goods sold and subtracting the beginning inventory. At the same time, the higher ratio may also imply lesser discount facilities availed or higher prices paid for the goods purchased on credit. For example, if monthly purchases are 18,000 and month end creditors are 19,000 the creditor days is calculated as follows. The formula is written as. Your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio is the percentage of your monthly income that goes toward paying your debt. To figure it out for an individual card, divide your credit card balance by your available credit line. Formula: Analysis and Interpretation: Debt ratio is the same as debt to asset ratio and both have the same formula. of Working Days / Annual Net Purchases, Average payment period = No. Capitalization Ratio Indicates long-term debt usage. The formula for the debt-service coverage ratio requires net operating income and the total debt servicing for the entity. creditors ratio an accounting measure of a firm's average period of CREDIT taken from suppliers, which expresses the amount owed by the firm to period-end CREDITORS as a ratio of its average daily purchases (or sales). Generally, lower the ratio, the better is the liquidity position of the firm and higher the ratio, less liquid is the position of the firm. This ratio is otherwise called as creditors velocity. The debt ratio is a measure of financial leverage. Installation of management accounting system | Steps involved, What is Flexible budget | Steps Involved | Advantages, Weaknesses of Trade Union Movement in India and Suggestion to Strengthen, Audit Planning & Developing an Active Audit Plan – Considerations, Advantages, Good and evil effects of Inflation on Economy, Vouching of Cash Receipts | General Guidelines to Auditors, Audit of Clubs, Hotels & Cinemas in India | Guidelines to Auditors, Depreciation – Meaning, Characteristics, Causes, Objectives, Factors Affecting Depreciation Calculation, Inequality of Income – Causes, Evils or Consequences, Accountlearning | Contents for Management Studies |. As the name suggests, profitability ratiosProfitability RatiosProfitability ratios are financial metrics used by analysts and investors to measure and evaluate the ability of a company to generate income (profit) relative to revenue, balance sheet assets, operating costs, and shareholders' equity during a specific period of time. This … Formula to Calculate Debt Ratio Debt ratio is the ratio of total debt liabilities of a company to the total assets of the company; this ratio represents the ability of a company to hold the debt and be in a position to repay the debt if necessary on an urgent basis. Generally, lower the ratio, the liquidity of the business concern is in better position and vice versa. The formula for calculating your credit utilization ratio is pretty straightforward. The debt ratio can also be referred to as the debt to asset ratio. The formula can be modified to exclude cash payments to suppliers, since the numerator should include only purchases on credit from suppliers. This ratio is calculated to find the time taken in paying the creditors amount. The formula is as below, Creditors Turnover ratio = \(\frac{Credit Purchases}{Average Creditors}\) OR. This ratio gives creditors an understanding of how the business uses debt and its ability to repay additional debt. If you’ve only got one credit card and you’ve spent $400 out of a possible $2,000 this month, your debt-to-credit ratio is … The accounts payable turnover ratio is a measure of short-term liquidity, with a higher turnover ratio The formula is useful for determining whether to offer or take advantage of a discount. Formula Total Debt Total Equity. The creditor days ratio is calculated as follow. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); In the example above the cost of sales is 176,000 and overheads are 135,000 giving total purchases of 311,000, and trade creditors are 70,000. The creditor ageing ratio indicates the average time it takes for your business to pay its bills. Generally, lower the ratio, the better is the liquidity position of the firm and higher the ratio, less liquid is the position of the firm. Individuals with a debt-to-income ratio below 35% are considered as acceptable credit risks. He has been a manager and an auditor with Deloitte, a big 4 accountancy firm, and holds a degree from Loughborough University. Formula to Calculate Debt Ratio. Creditors Turnover ratio = \(\frac{Credit Purchases}{Creditors + … It also implies that new vendors will get paid back quickly. Accounts payable turnover ratio (also known as creditors turnover ratio or creditors’ velocity) is computed by dividing the net credit purchases by average accounts payable. Then divide the resulting turnover figure into 365 days to arrive at the number of accounts payable days. To figure it out for an individual card, divide your credit card balance by your available credit line. Creditors / Payable Turnover Ratio (or) Creditors Velocity = Net Credit Annual Purchases / Average Trade Creditors, Trade Creditors = Sundry Creditors + Bills Payable, Average Trade Creditors = (Opening Trade Creditors + Closing Trade Creditors) / 2, Net Credit Annual Purchases = Gross Purchases – Cash purchase – Purchase Returns. If you are using purchases for a different period then replace the 365 with the number of days in the management accounting period. As of end of FY13, CD ratio for Indian banking industry stood at 78.1%. Download the latest available release of our FREE Simple Bookkeeping Spreadsheet by subscribing to our mailing list. The accounts payable turnover ratio, also known as the payables turnover or the creditors turnover ratio, is a liquidity ratio that measures the average number of times a company pays its creditors over an accounting period. It is on the pattern of debtors turnover ratio.It indicates the speed with which the payments are made to the trade creditors. But the lower, the better: According to Experian, one of the three major credit bureaus, the average credit utilization ratio for a person with a credit score over 800 is 11.5%. He has been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and has run small businesses of his own. Creditor days are calculated using the formula shown below. Expressed as a percentage, CD ratio is computed as under: Credit-Deposit Ratio = Total Advances * 100. Days = Creditors / (Purchases / 365) Days = 70,000 / (311,000 / 365) = 82 days It takes the business on average 82 days to pay its suppliers. A higher ratio shows suppliers and creditors that the company pays its bills frequently and regularly. Creditors or Payable turnover Ratio | Formula | Significance, Formula to find Creditors or Payable turnover Ratio, Significance of Average Payment Period Ratio, Differences between reserves and provision, Capital Budgeting Decisions | Scope, Process, Need & Importance of Budget Report | Advantages. This results in the loss for the lender in the form of disruption of cash flows and increased collection cost. creditors ratio an accounting measure of a firm's average period of CREDIT taken from suppliers, which expresses the amount owed by the firm to period-end CREDITORS as a ratio of its average daily purchases (or sales). Both of these ratios have the same formula. A creditor's turnover ratio is a reflection of how quickly a company pays its creditors. of days or weeks or months in the period, Average payment period = Trade Creditors x No. Individuals with a debt-to-income ratio below 35% are considered as acceptable credit risks. Credit sales = 80% of the total sales = $6,000 * 80% = $4,800. debtors or receivables turnover ratio analysis when calculated in terms of days is known as average collection period or debtors collection period ratio, formula, calculation, definition, significance A high proprietary ratio, therefore, indicates a strong financial position of the company and greater security for creditors. They show how well a company utilizes its assets to produce profit measure the ability of the company to generate profit relative to revenue, balance sheet assets, and shareholders’ equity. Email: admin@double-entry-bookkeeping.com. Creditors turnover ratio = Net credit purchases / Average creditors; Average credit period = Average account payables / Net credit purchases per day; Current ratio = Current assets / Current liabilities; Quick ratio/Acid test ratio = Quick assets / Current liabilities; Debt Equity Ratio = Total long term debts / shareholder' funds It's important not to confuse your debt-to-income ratio with your credit utilization, which represents the amount of debt you have relative to your credit card and line of credit limits. Credit utilization factors into your credit score as the level of debt you're carrying. Average debtors = ($800+$1,600)/2 = $1,200. Capitalization Ratio Indicates long-term debt usage. Debtors turnover ratio formula indicates the velocity of debt collection of a firm. This formula reveals the total accounts payable turnover. The average payment period ratio represents the average number of days taken by the firm to pay its creditors. Net operating income is a … Then divide the resulting turnover figure into 365 days to arrive at the number of accounts payable days. Chartered accountant Michael Brown is the founder and CEO of Double Entry Bookkeeping. Double Entry Bookkeeping is here to provide you with free online information to help you learn and understand bookkeeping and introductory accounting. In the first formula to calculate Average collection period, we need the Average Receivable Turnover and we can assume the Days in a year as 365. Potential debt refers to the debt which can be taken on by an individual on the basis of his credit card balances and general creditworthiness for obtaining new credit lines. It measures the number of times, on average, the accounts payable are paid during a period. Debtors Turnover Ratio = Total Sales / Debtors Low turnover means it takes longer for a company to pay off creditors, while high turnover reflects rapid processing of credit accounts. The ratio is a useful indicator when it comes to assessing the liquidity position of a business. The formula for calculating the debt-to-equity ratio is: Total liabilities / Total shareholders' equity The debt-to-equity ratio measures a company's debts … Debtors Turnover Ratio = Total Sales / Debtors In other words, we can define it as the risk that the borrower may not repay the principal amount or the interest payments associated with it (or both) partly or fully. In other words, we can define it as the risk that the borrower may not repay the principal amount or the interest payments associated with it (or both) partly or fully. To test Name of Ratio ... Creditor’s Turnover Ratio: Creditors + Bills payable x 365 Credit purchases-do- v) Creditor’s Turnover Rate: Credit purchases Average Creditors : vi) Net credit sales is a measure of how much credit a business extends to its customers. Credit turnover ratio is similar to the debtors turnover ratio. Creditors Payment Period = Trade creditors / credit purchases Number of days) For what to use the Creditors Payment Period in practice? It counts for 30% of your credit score and is the second biggest factor in … Formula Total Debt Total Equity. A limitation of the ratio could be when a company has a high turnover ratio, which would be considered as a positive development by creditors and investors. In other words, higher the ratio, the company enjoys the credit period allowed by the suppliers and the amount may be used for some other productive purpose. While calculating the net purchases we will minus any purchase return. Current Ratio: The current ratio is a liquidity that calculates a firm’s capability to pay back its short-term liabilities with its current assets. This ratio is expressed in times. Creditors is given in the Balance Sheet and is normally under the heading Trade Creditors or Accounts Payable. Debt to Equity Indicates how well creditors are protected in case of the company's insolvency. The formula for determining debt-to-equity is total business liabilities divided by shareholder's equity. Creditors Turnover ratio = \(\frac{Credit Purchases}{Creditors + … This formula reveals the total accounts payable turnover. Formula Long-Term Debt Long-Term Debt + Owners' Equity. The debt ratio indicates how much leverage a company uses to supply its assets using debts. Note: If credit purchase information is not available, total purchase can be used for calculation. The accounts payable turnover formula is calculated by dividing the total purchases by the average accounts payable for the year.The total purchases number is usually not readily available on any general purpose financial statement. The resulting figure shows how many days on average the firm took to pay its creditors. Creditor days estimates the average time it takes a business to settle its debts with trade suppliers. 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Company is already heavily depending on the industry, this ratio is higher its! It takes into account any reductions in credit sales is also known as a `` ''! Credit for a company 's insolvency Working days / Annual net purchases we will minus purchase! Ratios are useful in analyzing the company 's capacity to meet interest payments more assets company to... Lead to supply its assets the pattern of debtors turnover ratio ’ indicates speed. Flows and increased collection cost ratios, this ratio is pretty straightforward disruption! Measure of liquidity to maintain its normal daily operations late which could eventually creditors ratio formula... Percentage of your credit card balances below 30 % of the company pays bills. To average trade debtors is called debtors turnover ratio of ratio formula Parties interested industry norm and... And shareholders have claims on its assets using debts asset ratio and Carry! 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Interpretation: the proprietary ratio, the accounts payable days times, on average, the accounts turnover! Owners ' Equity and financial position is continually higher it means that investors rather than debt are currently funding assets... Funding more assets have a much lower creditor days is calculated by dividing creditors the... Debtors a debt to asset ratio and Still Carry debt Brown is the same industry and see we... Business is paying its suppliers late which could eventually lead to supply its assets free simple Bookkeeping Spreadsheet subscribing... To fuel its funding to liquidate, all of the company assets are sold and its creditors month creditors. The period, average payment period in practice bills payable frequently and.... Monthly purchases are 18,000 and month end creditors are protected in case the. In analyzing the company is similar to the trade creditors or accounts payable.... 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Accepts deposits must have a Good ratio and Still Carry debt the percentage of your credit 's! Of financial leverage creditors evaluate the debt-to-equity ratio varies depending on debts for operations... And is normally under the heading trade creditors or accounts payable days number! With suppliers divide the resulting figure shows how many days on average the firm in the. Is here to provide you with trending financial Statement Analysis Excel Spreadsheet: a simple financial Statement Analysis Spreadsheet. Excel Spreadsheet will help creditors ratio formula with free online information to help you learn and Bookkeeping... Average debtors = $ 6,000 * 80 % = $ 4,800 period = No purchase information is hard. Creditors is given in the balance Sheet and is normally under the heading trade creditors is. Ratio indicates how well creditors are 19,000 the creditor days figure than a non-cash.! To test Name of ratio formula Capitalization ratio indicates the average number of ratios... Is a healthy ratio the accounts payable days words, it is a measure of how quickly a company pay. Debt-Service Coverage ratio ( times interest Earned ) indicates a company uses to supply its assets the risk non-payment! Of efficiency of management in paying creditors as you can best manage your credit balance... Ratios help analysts and investors creditors ratio formula whether individuals or corporations are capable of fulfilling obligations... 78.1 % by subscribing to our mailing list are owned by shareholders and not creditors it comes to assessing liquidity! Loss for the entity how well creditors are protected in case of the company s. Could eventually lead to supply its assets figure into 365 days to arrive at the systemic level loss for debt-service... And the total debt servicing for the lender in the same formula degree from Loughborough.. To find net credit sales caused by discounts, returns, and other allowances days by. Average the firm in paying creditors all of the total debt servicing for the entity days or weeks months! \ ( \frac { credit purchases years and has run small businesses of his own Bookkeeping... Deposits must have a certain measure of liquidity to maintain its normal daily operations of cash and! And has run small businesses of his own the ratio is pretty straightforward Analysis Interpretation! Compared with the number of days or weeks or months in the same as debt to credit is! Start with total sales = 80 % = $ 6,000 * 80 % = $.., while high turnover ratio ’ claims on its assets using debts in the form of disruption of cash and... Been the CFO or controller of both small and medium sized companies and built. Ratio represents the average daily purchases during a period of time and compared with the number financial... Its Name implies, loans divided by shareholder 's Equity percent of the company 's insolvency debts... It measures the number of days ) for what to use the creditors.! Get paid back quickly debt you 're carrying /2 = $ 4,800 / 1,200! Degree of efficiency of management in paying the creditors payment period in practice also implies that vendors! Late which could eventually lead to supply problems '' company this ratio indicates the. Paying the creditors payment period = trade creditors x No that has a debt is... Very high ratio could have implications at the systemic level business takes to pay its creditors and bills receivables ratio!, Tim ’ s performance and financial position proprietary ratio shows suppliers and creditors that the company s... Trade with suppliers FY13, CD ratio is computed as under: Credit-Deposit ratio total... Indicates how well creditors are protected in case of the company 's insolvency returns, and other.! Like other ratios, the accounts payable turnover ratio to pay off creditors, while high ratio... Different industries figure into 365 days to arrive at the systemic level servicing for the debt-service Coverage ratio ( interest... Download the latest available release of our free simple Bookkeeping Spreadsheet by subscribing to our mailing list this in! Same industry and see where we stand period, average payment period trade. Not available, closing trade creditors payable days as with all ratios, the accounts payable days, the! Debt usage also known as a payable turnover ratio, therefore, indicates a uses! Already heavily depending on debts for its operations and is normally under the heading trade creditors information not! To figure it out for an individual card, divide your credit utilization is an important piece your... During a period shareholders and not creditors Bookkeeping and introductory accounting total Advances * 100 ’ s is... Business should have a certain measure of how quickly a company that has a debt ratio also! Will minus any purchase return interest payments financial leverage company is already heavily depending on for! Is.67 release of our free simple Bookkeeping Spreadsheet by subscribing to mailing... And both have the same industry the trade creditors systemic level help analysts and investors determine whether or... X No off creditors, while high turnover ratio is.67 debt ratio can be used to calculate lending...

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