locust plague 2020 usa

Investing in a stronger future - for our shareholders, and for the world. Each square kilometer locust swarm is made up of 40 - 80 million locusts, but swarms can reach hundreds of millions. By Sophie Mbugua. This spells disaster for those who live in their path. The goals for development and humanitarian organizations are to work ourselves out of a job. ... and executive director of the Mpala Research Centre in northern Kenya, which is working to sequence the locust genome. Photo: Sophie Mbugua. Multiple swarms have been appearing across the Horn of Africa over recent weeks, some as big as 25 miles in diameter. “These cash transfers allow families to buy food, seeds, agricultural tools and other basic items.”. Each can consume 2g of vegetation every day – combined, a swarm of 80 million can consume food equivalent to that eaten by 35,000 people a … according to Concern Kenya Country Director, Amina Abdulla. Multiple swarms have been appearing across the Horn of Africa over recent weeks, some as big as 25 miles in diameter. “Starting in early 2020, the global Desert Locust situation deteriorated, as favorable climatic conditions allowed widespread breeding of the pest in East Africa, Southwest Asia, and the area around the Red Sea,” writes the website, pinpointing Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, Iran, … To date, the only effective way to combat locust swarms of this magnitude is to apply insecticide either by air or on the ground when the insects are resting and treating the breeding areas as prevention. Huge swarms of desert locusts are making their way across East Africa, causing massive destruction to crops and livelihoods. The locust plague devastated Lawrence Mwagire's crops. Dr. Holger Kray, World Bank Practice Manager for Agriculture and Food Security, elaborates on the awareness issue: “If the world was not unfortunately distracted by the horrific COVID-19 situation, the locust situation would be all over the media; because it is overwhelming, it is a horrific situation”. Looking for a job in an innovative company? Without immediate action, in East Africa 4.9 million people could face starvation this summer. If not properly mitigated, catastrophic plagues can develop, taking several years and hundreds of millions of dollars to bring under control with severe repercussions on food security and livelihoods. Pius Nyagah Muchenge, a Kenyan farmer hit by the upsurge, explains: The situation is dire, but this isn’t a new problem: locusts are the oldest migratory pest in the world. Without broad-scale action to control the locusts, damages and losses could reach US$8.5 billion by the end of 2020, leading to widespread famine, disease and increased poverty. Consumer Health brings consumers some of the world’s best-known and most trusted over-the-counter (OTC) medications, nutritional supplements and other self-care products. One tonne of locusts alone (about 500,000 insects) – a fraction of an average swarm – eats about as much food in one day as 10 elephants, 25 camels or 2,500 people, destroying at least 200 tonnes of vegetation per day. “Locust swarms have started laying eggs and another generation of breeding will increase locust numbers,” says Keith Cressman, a senior locust forecasting officer at the FAO. But how do we get ahead of potential outbreaks? Pharmaceuticals focuses on prescription drugs for the therapeutic areas of cardiology, oncology, gynecology, hematology & ophthalmology. consuming as much food in one day as 35,000 people. The largest plague in U.S. history was recorded in 1875 when a swarm of trillions of the now extinct “Rocky Mountain Locusts” measuring 1,800 miles long and 110 miles wide flew over the Midwest. The outbreak is the worst in 70 years in Kenya and the worst in 25 years in Ethiopia, Somalia and India. “Urgent efforts must be made to stop them from increasing to protect the livelihoods of farmers and livestock holders.”. With our distinctive knowledge of people, animals and plants, we focus on the areas of health care and nutrition. Meanwhile in Somalia, rural communities already struggling to cope following unusually heavy rains and flash floods in the second half of 2019 are especially vulnerable now to the effect of the massive locust swarms. KAMPALA, Uganda – Weeks before the coronavirus spread through much of the world, parts of Africa were already threatened by another kind of plague, the biggest locust … Keith Cressman, FAO Senior Locust Forecasting Officer, notes the necessity of leveraging the expertise of collaborators and investing in technology like data science: “We’re already partnering with NASA, with NOAA, with the European Space Agency, with Cambridge University…all of these different entities have their own expertise.” Mobile surveillance applications are already showing promise in getting real time local reports to better inform where airplanes should spray. First there were the fires, then the plague (read: global pandemic), and jus They not only cause devastating damage to crops –– but can serve as vectors for diseases like malaria and dengue. A massive swarm that hit Kenya measured 2400 km² (almost 930 mi²) and was made up of 200 billion locusts. An integrated strategy is needed that invests in and incorporates all available tools in the toolbox, from better forecasting and monitoring technologies to the controlled spraying of chemical and biological crop protection products. We tried making noise in the villages including beating iron sheets to irritate the locusts, but this did not do much. Conflict, climate disaster, chronic poverty. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) says if the trajectory continues, the locust upsurge can threaten the livelihoods of 10% of the world's population. “Millions of locusts are eating all vegetation in their path including food crops that are absolutely crucial for survival here,”  according to Concern Kenya Country Director, Amina Abdulla. Now look at this plague invading an airport on the Abadan Island in southwest Iran: The 2019–20 locust infestation is a pest outbreak of desert locusts which is threatening the food supply across the regions of East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Indian subcontinent. The insatiable pests consumed nearly 400,000 tons of food every 24 hours– the equivalent to what 84 million people eat daily. The locust infestation is expected to drive up the price of food in affected countries and the wider region, and will likely have knock-on effects on those living in urban slums, potentially tipping them into a crisis situation. Recent rains had given hope of relief — hope that is now being dashed by the massive locust invasion. Swarms travelling from Pakistan into India made their way to the northern states for the first time since 1962. Forecast for locust swarm spread from March to June 2020. Credit: FAO Locust Watch (UPDATE: On 14 April, the FAO Locust Watch released a further statement saying that “widespread rains…in late March are expected to cause a dramatic increase in locust numbers in East Africa, eastern Yemen and southern Iran in the coming months”. This spells disaster for those who live in their path. Did you know that insects represent the largest biomass on earth? In the summer of 1988, swarms of locusts originating in North Africa crossed the Atlantic Ocean and invaded the Caribbean and neighbouring parts of South America for the first time in recorded history. Oxfam estimates that thanks to droughts and areas of severe floods, 25.5 million people in Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda already suffer from hunger and severe malnourishment. I wish I had effective pesticides to combat the locusts.” He is not alone, farmers in the affected regions are desperate for supplies and training, as Muchenge shares: Insufficient equipment and funding have been further exacerbated by the global travel and import restrictions taken to curb the spread of COVID-19, which have resulted in disruptions to supply chains, delaying delivery of product supplies, surveillance equipment and global awareness. Alerts were issued in South America in late June as a 9 mile2 swarm that entered Argentina from Paraguay headed towards Uruguay. In parts of Asia and east Africa, swarms of locusts have stripped fields. Learn more about Bayer and the opportunities available. Very soon – rice will become so expensive that no one can eat. In addition, proper training is critical to ensure the right protection is applied in the right amount, in the right place and at the right time. The most destructive locust species is the desert locust. Locust swarms have invaded Russia's southern regions causing colossal damage to the local agriculture. ... With that, the likelihood of further locust outbreaks grows. To truly get ahead of this locust catastrophe and prevent a humanitarian crisis, there must be a shared commitment among partners at the global and local level to invest in innovative solutions and ensure they are made available to farmers like Pius Nyagah Muchenge who are trying to hold out hope: The current locust crisis is only the latest example of the devastation that crop pests can cause. Ravenous locust swarm clouds more than three times the size of New York City descended in northeast Kenya, which is battling its worst infestation in 70 years. The need now is more urgent than ever. The Great Locust Plague of 2020 By Todd Strandberg. A farmer shows a dead locust found in his field as locust swarms currently plague large zones in the ... [+] country at Badra Sonauti village on the outskirts of Allahabad on June 10, 2020. the most destructive migratory pest in the world, with a “small” swarm (less than a mile in diameter). Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website. Food supplies for an estimated 13 million people are at risk, and UN agencies warn that an additional 20 million people could be threatened if the crisis drags on. The plague will encompass all the land – and will eventually spread to the whole world. East Africa races against time to contain locust outbreak as UN pleads for funding Published Fri, Feb 28 2020 9:20 AM EST Updated Tue, Mar 3 2020 1:17 AM EST Elliot Smith @ElliotSmithCNBC “This is extremely worrying and has major implications for, There are worrying times ahead for affected families, as experts warn of a 500. times increase in locust numbers, if the crisis is left unchecked. We pray and hope that the locusts never return. But the problem could get much worse. The recent coronavirus pandemic is only exacerbating the problems currently facing herders, also known as pastoralists, in Kenya. 2, 2020 Albert Camus helps us understand our responses during this crisis Apr. Published on 14/02/2020, 6:00am. There are over 30 million known species of insects, both beneficial and destructive. 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Pilot programs using advanced types of drones and satellite imagery that intelligently map out dry topsoil on farms to look for moisture beneath, could help predict ideal conditions for egg laying and potentially stop an outbreak before it can start. Amid the COVID-19 crisis, farmers in some of the world’s most impoverished regions are fighting to stop locusts from decimating vital crops and grazing pastures and leaving vast populations food insecure. The combination of crises from wars to the burgeoning locust plague could result in as many as 300,000 deaths a day from starvation by the end of the year, he said. Give now to help transform lives. But the Kenyan government says it needs 20 planes for spraying – and a continuous supply of the pesticide Fenitrothion. Swarms continue to form in Yemen with breeding likely to prevail throughout August and extend to the Red Sea Coastal plains. Plagues of locusts are recorded as early as the Pharaonic times of ancient Egypt with perhaps the most famous reference in the Old Testament’s Book of Exodus. India is one of the first countries to approve the use of drones for locust control, and Bayer is partnering with multiple drone technology providers for locust control activities in Rajasthan, one of the worst-affected states. Earlier this year, the FAO issued a call for insecticides, including Deltamethrin, an active ingredient effective in combating the desert locust. FAO recently said in an alarming news release: “New locust swarms are already forming and threatening to re-invade northern Kenya and breeding is also underway on both sides of the Red Sea, posing a new threat to Eritrea, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan, and Yemen.“ For 19th century American farmers, a sudden locust cloud must have literally looked and sounded like a biblical plague. A Living Nightmare: Defeating the Locust Plague of 2020. While only a fraction, approximately 600 species, are categorized as destructive insects, if left unchecked, the pests could destroy 30-60% of crop harvests. The plague began in June 2019 and continued into 2020, although locust swarms have experienced steady declines in population and geographical reach from May to October, and are, as of November 2020, primarily found … Recent locust activity across East Africa and parts of Asia. Jean sees the insecticides as “essential for crop protection so that we are able to have adequate crop for sale to the market. In late January, what seemed like a vast dark cloud approached Lawrence Mwagire’s farm in Njoga village in central Kenya. Not having food because the crop was damaged by locusts, not having ready food to buy because of the same reason, and not having the money to buy if it is available is our greatest nightmare for now. ‘Apocalyptic’ LOCUST plague swarms Africa as trillions of Biblical bugs risk causing mass famine Charlotte Edwards , Digital Technology and Science Reporter 3 Jul 2020, 12:32 Updated Feb. 22, 2020 8:31AM ET / Published Feb. 22, 2020 5:34AM ET REUTERS HONG KONG—Swarms of desert locusts have devastated crops in East … “This is extremely worrying and has major implications for Kenya in terms of food security,” Amina Abdullah warns. ... Apr. I fear for my family and my community. The FAO and the World Bank are partnering with ag industry leaders, non-profits and local governments to develop integrated pest management plans to support affected countries to undertake safe and effective operations to monitor, treat and prevent insect damage. 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