It is now a senior citizen’s center. The Blackhawk War broke out. 1855-The five-story DeSoto House opened its doors for business and quickly claimed the reputation as being one of the finest. It grew rapidly as the regional capital of lead mining, the largest riverboat port north of St Louis, and a prominent brewing … In Michigan the name was changed to Galien River by legislative action in 1829, and presumably the Indiana Galena River tributary has the same etymology. The Galena River Trail is built upon an old railroad spur of the Burlington Railroad main line, constructed in 1886. Galena, population 470, is located west of the Interior city of Fairbanks along the historic river. Miners and traders flocked to the Point. 1911-A tornado caused severe damage to the roof of the Grant Home. 1988-Frank Einsweiler retired as Mayor of Galena after 50 years of community service. 1857-Ely Parker, part Seneca Indian, was appointed superintendent of construction for the U.S. Customs House and Marine Hospital in Galena. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. 1906-The high school building on Prospect Street was completed. One of Galena's most important landmarks, The Steamboat House is a Gothic Revival historic mansion built by steamboat captain Daniel Smith Harris and his wife, Sarah. An Episcopal Service was first held on the banks of the Fevre (now, Galena) River in 1826, the year Galena was incorporated as a town. The river was originally known as "Rivière aux Fèves" and "Bean River" due to the large amounts of wild beans that grew along its banks. Because of siltation, the river channel continued to decrease in size while intensity and frequency of floods increased. Map View. Visit the former home of Ulysses S. Grant, built as a thank … It is one of the oldest buildings still standing in Galena. Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas both spoke from the balcony of the DeSoto House Hotel. (The steeple was added in 1854.) Established in 1826, the city of Galena was named after a rare mineral formed from lead sulfide. 1690-Frenchman Nicholas Perrot established a trading post on the east side of the Mississippi River opposite the present site of Dubuque, Iowa. Galena’s history began early in America’s quest to explore the West. He departed with militia for Springfield, hoping for a commission in the regular army. 1859-The Alexander Jackson home was constructed on Bouthillier Street. 32 Stat., 399", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Galena_River_(Illinois)&oldid=955875386, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Galena River → Mississippi → Gulf of Mexico, This page was last edited on 10 May 2020, at 08:35. Here are a few of the many highlights in Galena’s past. A 581-acre (235 ha) section of the city is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Galena Historic District. The City of Galena is located in the unglaciated area of Northwest Illinois. Galena’s population reached an all-time high of roughly 14,000. John Dowling’s trading post was built about this time of native limestone. It lies along the Galena River (originally called Fever River), 4 miles (6 km) east of the Mississippi River and about 15 miles (25 km) southeast of Dubuque, Iowa. We came to Galena for the day, intended to stay for maybe a night, and thanks to new friends Captain John Bookless, Me Me, Crystal, Meagan, Edgar, Steve, and George, we stayed for four nights. 1865-Grant returned from the Civil War in triumph and was given a huge reception and home in Galena by prominent Republicans. Work began as sprinklers, fire alarms, and a stage loft were added. The history of the area runs as deep as the ore veins in the mines nearby. Named after the local iron deposits, the city was founded in 1826 and was a major port on the Mississippi River. Galena’s first Chamber of Commerce was organized. 1908-The Galena Public Library on Bench Street was constructed, funded by the Carnegie Foundation and B.F. The Illinois Central Railroad arrived in Galena. Sackett and Co. kilns on Dewey Avenue. The "River of the Mines" of La Setter, afterward "La Rtviere de Fere" of the French settlers, and still later the "Fever River" of the universal Yankee, became in 1854, by an Act of the Legislature of Illinois, the "Galena River." 1854-The name of Fever River was changed G River by the Illinois State Legislature. The river rises in Lafayette County, Wisconsin, south of Benton and southwest of Shullsburg. 1816-Captain John Shaw of the U.S. Army reported Indians along the Fever River mining lead from the “Buck Lead” north of Galena. Gaslights lined the streets and the Marine Hospital was completed along the Galena River. 1995-Jo Daviess County Convention and Visitor’s Bureau moved into the Old Waterworks Building at the corner of Park and Bouthillier Streets. 1827-Jo Daviess County organized; it was named after a Kentucky lawyer and militia officer who fell at the head of his troops at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811 in Indiana. The Methodist Church was built on Bench Street. It was reconstructed in the 1930s as part of a WPA project. History Galena was originally founded as a mining town in 1879. The river is part of the Driftless Area of Illinois and Wisconsin. The spur linked Galena to Galena Junction, where the main railroad line—still active—follows the Mississippi River. Galena was once the home of Ulysses S. Grant, and today guests can tour his old residence and steep themselves in American history. Also, Clingman’s Pharmacy, previously located on Main Street. 1848-Westminister Presbyterian Church was built on South Bench Street. During its heyday with 800 or so residents, Galena was the largest community in the Wood River Valley boasting several hotels, stables, a meat market & the Daisy Saloon. It rises a few miles above the present city …  Following English language code-switching of the French river name "Rivière aux Fèves", the river name was corrupted and was eventually referred to as "Fever River".. 1823-The Virginia becomes the first steamboat to ascend the upper Mississippi River. 1993-Kraft closed its Galena plant, consolidating production at the Stockton plant. The Coatsworth at one time housed J.R. Grant’s leather shop where Ulysses worked. Toll bridges were built at Bouthillier and Franklin Streets. Ulysses S. Grant Home. Indians defeated the militia at the battle of Stillman’s Run, which caused panic in the Lead District. And the name Galena is chosen for the growing community. 1890-A lock and dam was built near the mouth of the Galena River, functioning until 1921. I am a native Galenian and love having easy access to hours worth of listening material which I can reference at my own pace. It was named after a life-long Galena resident whose estate provided money for the project. 1904-Grant’s home was given to the city by the children of U.S. Grant. | Developed by Belstar Media, Garret Johnson – The Galena African-American Heritage Foundation, Toys through Time: Holiday Antique Toy Show, Galena River Wine & Cheese 2nd Annual Portfolio Tasting. Eventually, we thought it might be time to move on downriver. On the flip side, some old … The name of the river is confusing, because while originally named the Fever River, the state of Illinois (shamed to have a river named after smallpox) renamed it to the Galena River. It is now the Tourist Information Center. The Old No. Galena is Latin for lead sulfide. Overlooking the banks of the Galena River, the historic town of Galena, Illinois blends the pristine beauty of the Midwestern countryside with a welcoming spirit and endless recreational and cultural pursuits that earned us a place on Forbes Magazine's “Prettiest Towns in America” list and Conde Nast Traveler's “Friendliest Cities in America” rankings. Ulysses S. Grant trained volunteer troops. 1843-Manufacture of Galena pottery began at the D.A. 1994-Judith Gratton became the first woman County Board Chairman. Council Hill Station. The first boatload of lead ore was shipped down the Fever and Mississippi Rivers by Col. George Davenport, after whom Davenport, Iowa is named. H.H. In fact, 85% of Galena’s buildings are in a National Register Historic District. Hazel Green was part of the mining boom that took place in this part of Wisconsin in the 1800s. The building is now an Illinois State Historic Site. 1861-The War Between the States broke out. The short-lived Winnebago Indian uprising in southern Wisconsin sent many miners and farmers to Galena for protection. French explorers visited the region in the late 17th century and found Sauk and Fox Indians mining lead. This left mapmakers in Wisconsin confused…to this day. Among the party was 15-year-old Daniel Smith Harris, destined to become the most prominent steamboat captain on the Upper Mississippi River. Galena is a safe, healthy and vibrant place to raise a family, start a business or enjoy retirement. 1818-John Tyler Armstrong built a cabin on the east bank of the Fever River, probably in the vicinity of the Illinois Central Railroad Depot (Information Center). The Galena Complex has a large resource base to be exploited with high-confidence exploration targets along extension and below existing resources with potential for deeper-level, high-grade targets. The Old City Cemetery was established on Quality Hill, between High and Dodge Streets. 1852-Elihu B. Washburne, who was to become one of the most powerful men in the nation, was elected to his first term in U.S. Congress. 1937-The worst flood in Galena’s history occurred. Grant went to work in his father’s leather goods store as a clerk for $600 per year. He was instrumental in getting funding for a dike and floodgates on the Galena River. His campaign headquarters were located at the DeSoto House. Large numbers of miners began arriving, including settlers from Lord Selkirk’s failed colony on the Red River in Canada. 1978-Reconstruction on the Coatsworth Building was begun. The river was named after René Bréhant de Galinée, a French missionary and explorer. (Liz Martin/The Gazette) The Galena River flows near the historic district, providing recreational opportunities for kayaking and stand-up paddle boarding, in Galena on … 1819-Francis Bouthillier took over the deserted Armstrong cabin and established a ferry across the Fever River at the foot of what is now Bouthillier Street. For the History. Took good covid precautions. 1973-Frank Einsweiler, strong preservation advocate was elected to the first of four terms as Mayor of Galena. Galena’s history began early in America’s quest to explore the West. 1844-Jo Daviess County courthouse on Bench Street, begun in 1839, was completed. 211 South Bench Street, Galena, IL 61036, © 2018 Galena History Museum | All Right Reserved. 1851-An Italianate-style firehouse was built on Bench Street. Reconstruction began immediately and portions of the new facility were opened by August. 1997-Elihu Washburne home renovation was completed and opened to the public. The location was on the site of a former Athabaskan fish camp recorded in the 1880 Census map as Natulaten. 1874-Turner Hall was built by the Turner Society for various community events and “entertainments of respectable character.”. It was the first recorded permanent settlement on the Fever River. The new development featured a 30,000 sq. 1839-Dredging began on the Fever River as the silting problem worsened-a result of soil erosion caused by mining, excessive cutting of trees for smelters and steamboats, and farming. 1845-Lead ore production in the lead region (Galena, IL area; Dubuque, IA area; and southern Wisconsin), peaked at 54 million pounds, representing more than 80 percent of the nation’s total. Daniel Smith Harris’s Grey Eagle, the fastest steamboat on the Upper Mississippi River, sank at Rock Island, Illinois and the captain retired from the steamboat business but stayed active in the Galena business community. Later, Ulysses S. Grant and his family worshipped there. Felt estate. This stage of Turner Hall renovation was completed in June 1992. There was serious damage to main downtown buildings. Construction began on Galena Square. Flood of 1993 was named the Hundred Year Flood. The Mississippi River took nearly three weeks to return to below flood level. 1832-Daniel Smith Harris and his brother, Robert Scribe, began construction on the Jo Daviess, the first steamboat built on the Fever River. 1965-Galena became the first community after Springfield to adopt a local historic preservation ordinance, which established a local historic district. Watershed History Note. 1951-Construction was completed on the dike and floodgates, finally protecting Galena from floodwaters. 1987-The Alice T. Virtue Memorial Water Park opened, featuring two swimming pools, a waterslide, and sand volleyball court. Construction began on Grace Episcopal Church on Hill Street. 1893-During the nationwide economic depression, many Galena businesses failed. ft. Dick’s Supermarket. 1 Firehouse is believed to be the oldest firehouse of its type in Illinois. Samuel Hughlett began smelting on a small tributary of the Fever River, known today as Hughlett’s Branch. Share. The Galena River was over 200 feet wide. 1868-Grant ran for president. 1826-Lieutenant Thomas began to lie out streets and lots. 1932-Congressman Leo Allen was elected, and began 28 years as the district’s congressman. U.S. Geological Survey. 1856-Abraham Lincoln spoke from the balcony of the DeSoto House. 1931-U.S. Grant Home is deeded to the state by the City of Galena. The Galena River being centrally located between St. Louis and St. Paul on the Mississippi River made Galena a hub of steamboat commerce it was once one of the most important cities in Illinois and being the home of General Ulysses S. Grant the city received national attention during the 1860s. Over 425,000 pounds of lead ore was shipped from Galena, or “January’s Point”, as it was then known. 1846-The Market House opened for business. Great History. Ordinances now prohibit buildings constructed of wood in the downtown area. Our rolling hills, history, 19th century architecture and opportunities for year round outdoor recreation attract nearly a million visitors a year. Spring thaw and heavy late spring rainfall caused the Galena River and Mississippi River to crest at the highest level ever. 1847-The government began to sell land in the Lead District to private owners, after more and more miners and smelters circumvented payment of royalties on leased land, thus rendering the leasing system ineffective. Galena’s Democratic administration played a very small roll in the festivities. “Galena tours is a must have app for tourism and home town history. GIFT SHOP ONLY - THURSDAY THRU SUNDAY 11:00 AM TO 3:00 PM. our history Grace Church is the oldest Episcopal Church in continuous use in the Diocese of Chicago. Jenna A wrote a review Nov 2020. 1838-The First Presbyterian Church was constructed. 1990-The City of Galena received a $684,800 grant for renovation of Turner Hall. We talked about the river, floods, and the history of Galena. Grant received election returns in the library of Elihu B. Washburne’s house, now a State Historic Site. The City Council chambers were located on the second floor until 1938. It became the home of Ulysses S. Grant in 1865 and is now the Grant Home State Historic Site. The service was discontinued in 1981 due to low ridership, poor management, and lack of funds. Trains on the spur stopped running around 1960. 1928-Hard surfacing with concrete of U.S. 20 completed through the city of Galena. The Silver Eagle Casino left Frentress Lake near East Dubuque and moved out-of-state. 1860-Ulysses S. Grant and family arrived in Galena and rented the house at 121 South High Street. 1862-Because of Galena’s southern antecedents, divided loyalties sill existed. Drawbridges were built at Meeker and Spring Streets. This region was ice-free during the Wisconsin glaciation and underwent hundreds of thousands of years of glacial-free erosion. Chicago, Illinois 6 contributions. A farmer’s market operated on the first floor and outside on the square until 1910. History. 1974-Amtrak began regularly scheduled rail passenger service to Chicago on the Black Hawk. Gear arrived in the Lead District and began mining near Council Hill. Galena, city, seat (1827) of Jo Daviess county, northwestern Illinois, U.S. Galena's political history is among the most significant in the State of Illinois. Meanwhile, Dr. Moses Meeker and his colony arrived on the keelboat Colonel Bumford, and Meeker began smelting lead. 1824-The U.S. Government appointed Lieutenant Martin Thomas as mine agent to issue leases and collect royalties for the Federal Leadmine District. Galena Country is known for it's well-preserved, 19th-century architecture and Ulysses S. Grant history, but there's even more to discover in this historically amazing destination! Today it is the second oldest continuously owned and operated post office in the nation. Blackhawk and his people were defeated at the Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin. Must-visit spots include the Grant Home, The Galena & U.S. Grant Museum, and the DeSoto and Washburne Houses. Galena, Illinois By the middle of the 19th Century, Galena was one of the richest river towns in the Midwest. Galena Temperance Society formed to “combat excessive drunkenness” in the town’s saloons and “groceries.” History is a growth industry: There are two trolley companies, two ghost tours, a walking tour, kayak tours on the placid Galena River, even a scooter tour to a country vineyard. 1869-The Women’s Suffrage Convention was held in Galena, organized by Sarah Coates Harris, wife of retired captain Daniel Smith Harris. While not an official historic site, Council Hill Station dates back to the 1850s, … 1841-The state legislature granted a charter of incorporation to the City of Galena. 1992-January-The main lodge at Eagle Ridge Inn and Resort suffered a major loss due to fire. 1982-A new footbridge opened connecting Grant Park to downtown. In the summer many families floated on rafts to the Yukon River to fish for salmon. Water levels rose rapidly Monday afternoon. The Illinois Central Railroad Depot was built. 1996-The Galena/Jo Daviess Chamber of Commerce began a major rehab of the Old Railroad Depot. The Village of Hazel Green, located on the Grant and Lafayette county border, is in the Galena River watershed. The Koyukon Athabascans had seasonal camps in the area and moved as the wild game migrated. 1822-The first mining lease was granted by the federal government to Col. James Johnson, who brought 20 white miners and perhaps 50 slaves from Kentucky to work his claim. The Galena River, also known as the Fevre or Fever River, is a 52.4-mile-long (84.3 km) river which flows through the Midwestern United States. From the origins of Kraft Cheese to one of the earliest African-American churches in Illinois, Galena Country is loaded with stories of yesteryear, making it a cultural cornerstone where past meets present. Anti-War Democratic lawyers Madison Y. Johnson and David S. Sheean were arrested for disloyal activities. St. Mary’s Catholic Church was constructed according to the plans of missionary Father Samuel Mazzuchelli. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Galena River, "ACTS OF FIFTY–SEVENTH CONGRESS June 27, 1902. The city is named for the mineral galena, which was in the ore that formed the basis for the region's early mining economy. 1968-Over 85 percent of Galena is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It enters Illinois in Jo Daviess County to flow through the city of Galena before it joins the upper Mississippi River a few miles south and west. Galena is the largest city in and the county seat of Jo Daviess County, Illinois, with a population of 3,429 at the 2010 census. He visited Indian-operated lead mines on the Fever River (now the Galena River). The Galena River flowing through downtown. 1891-The bronze statue of Grant and the Soldier’s Monument was installed in Grant Park. The Stockade was built in Galena and settlers flocked to town. The Winnebago War of 1827, also known as the "Fevre River War", is associated with this river. Explore Galena’s history and meet the spirit of Ulysses Grant in a hologram that welcomes guests to the museum where true national treasures, such as the “Peace in Union” and “General Grant on the Battlefield” paintings, Flag from the Vicksburg Siege, a topographical map of Jo Daviess County, and the stories of mining and steamboating are presented. Because of its location along the Mississippi River, Galena became an important port stop between St. Paul and St. Louis, allowing the city to blossom. The worst Galena fire ever devastated many Main Street buildings. The Winnebago Indians resisted at Johnson’s landing, insisting they had not ceded the land to the United States, as had the Sauk and Fox Tribes. The guide was very knowledgeable and friendly and personalized the tour based on our history interest. The wood floor on the main level, as well as many windows and doors, were replaced. Here are a few of the many highlights in Galena’s past. The first post office in northern Illinois is established at the corner of Main and Perry Streets. Although two floors were removed in 1880, the building still stands today as the oldest operating hotel in Illinois. Guest speakers included Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. The Galena River, also known as Fever River, meanders through the lush scenery of Northern Illinois before winding through Galena’s historic downtown. Lead was already a trade article with the French. About 100 men came up the river from St. Louis to work the Fever River mines. The City of Galena, Alaska was established in 1918 as a supply and trans-shipment point for lead ore (galena) mining prospects south of the Yukon River. 1830-Galena’s first fire department established. A school was es… 1690-Frenchman Nicholas Perrot established a trading post on the east side of the Mississippi River opposite the present site of Dubuque, Iowa. Steamboats began regularly scheduled service between Galena and St. Louis. David Sheean was elected Mayor. Thirty-four local fire departments fought the blaze. 1926-Turner hall was gutted by fire. History Prehistory and early history. Galena was the first mineral rush city in the United States back in the 1820's. Put-in near Galena's Main Street which will offer you plenty of opportunities to explore the river on your own, or to take day excursions offered by a … Most of it was shipped out of the region on Galena steamboats. Five feet of water was recorded on Main Street. Alexander Ross was the first known white man to explore Galena, when … All reviews beautiful house period pieces galena river great history tiffany jones chandeliers architecture steamboat homes. It was dedicated as the Frank L. Einsweiler bridge. The river was originally known as "Rivière aux Fèves" and "Bean River" due to the large amounts of wild beans that grew along its banks. Fires caused extensive damage to wooden buildings on Main Street. 1858-Business man Daniel Barrows built his house on Bench Street that today houses the Galena/Jo Daviess County Historical Museum. 1828-In February, the steamer Josephine had to break through the ice in the Fever River to deliver flour to residents of Galena, who were desperately short of provisions. Following English language code-switching of the French river name "Rivière aux Fèves", the river name was corrupted and was eventually referred to as "Fever River". Galena River (Fever River) Origin of Galena River, Wisconsin A stream emptying into the Mississippi from the east, on which is the city of Galena, Illinois; now called the Galena River. It is now Galena Green Condominiums. Jo Daviess County was introduced to unlimited stakes riverboat gambling aboard the Silver Eagle Casino, docked at Frentress Lake, just west of Galena near East Dubuque. There were 12 summer fish camps located on the Yukon River between the Koyukuk River and the Nowitna River.Galena was established in 1918 near an Athabascan fish camp called … James Jones begins publishing the first newspaper in the Region, the Miner’s Journal. The history of our Galena bed and breakfast inn, The Steamboat House, and its famous owner are an integral part of the town's history. The Customs House, built to register Upper Mississippi steamboat cargoes, was also the new Post Office. 1900-Vice president Theodore Roosevelt spoke at Turner Hall. Galena is a city in Northern Illinois 16 miles east of Dubuque, Iowa and 163 miles west from Chicago.It is known as "The City that Time Forgot" for its rich 19th century heritage. 1984-A new U.S. Highway 20 bridge across the Galena River opened to traffic. Galena saw its first serious flood, with steamboats floating down Main Street. A census revealed 650 houses and 2,225 people in the city. 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