peptic ulcer ppt

Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is defined as a mucosal break larger than 3 mm in depth in the stomach or duodenum. However, there are many differences between children and adults, especially in the areas of clinical presentation, the prevalences of diffe … next. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Fig: Peptic ulcer disease Causes or Reasons for Peptic Ulcer Disease: The different causes for peptic ulcer are-Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori), Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen. Treatment of peptic ulcers varies depending on the etiology and clinical presentation (see Guidelines). Definition: Peptic ulcer is a hole or open sore in the lining of the stomach, duodenum (beginning of the small intestine) or oesophagus. The genetics of peptic ulcer disease. In duodenum its duodenal ulcer. Location and symptoms. The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Dr. J.H. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. Ulcers are deep lesions penetrating through the entire thickness of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis mucosa. A peptic ulcer is a mucosal defect in the wall of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the inner lining of the stomach, the first part of the small intestine, or sometimes the lower esophagus. Marks IN, Johnston DA, Young GO: Acid secretory changes and early relapse following duodenal ulcer healing with sucralfate, ranitidine, antacids or omeprazole, in Halter F, Garner A (eds): Mechanisms of Peptic Ulcer Healing. Aims: Definition of peptic ulcer. Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. Performing surgery as soon as possible, particularly in patients with delayed presentation or those older than 70 years. Epidemiology. Home; Documents; Peptic Ulcer Disease Ppt; prev. of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 2. Types. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) occurs most commonly in duodenal bulb (duodenal ulcer, DU) and stomach (gastric ulcer, GU). Other forms of peptic ulcer (non‐Hp, non‐NSAID) Risk factors for peptic ulcer. Complications and treatment. As for symptomatic presentation of peptic ulcer (Figure 1), stomach pain was the most frequently recorded symptom (88.4%) followed by hyperacidity (60.6%), underweight (57.4%), vomiting (40.6%), loss of appetite (39.4%) while vomiting of blood was found to be least frequent (7.7%). The initial management of a stable patient with dyspepsia differs from the management of an unstable patient with upper gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage. Clinical presentation and diagnosis of peptic ulcer. Peptic ulcers occur when acid in the digestive tract eats away at the inner surface of the stomach or small intestine. Gastric and duodenal ulcers usually cannot be differentiated based on history alone, although some findings may be suggestive. ulcers. next. A peptic ulcer in a child looks the same as it does in an adult, and many of the aetiologies of peptic ulcer disease in children are similar to those in adults. A peptic ulcer is an excavation that forms in the mucosal wall of the stomach, in the pylorus, in the duodenum, or in the esophagus. Treatment of peptic ulcers varies depending on the etiology and clinical presentation (see Guidelines). Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Chronic symptoms include ulcer perforation and stricture formation. It is possible to get an ulcer almost anywhere. PEPTIC ULCER DISEASE (Acid – pepsin ulcer disease) G JUMBI SURGICAL ANATOMY • ANATOMY (Stomach and duodenum) -gross anatomy. There are various risk factors for the development of peptic ulcer disease, but the most important ones are Helicobacter pylori infection and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Ulcer may occur anywhere in the body. Precautions. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Cont’d. You can change your ad preferences anytime. -… Log in Upload File. • Duodenal ulcers are four times as common as gastric ulcers and occur mainly in the duodenal cap. Eleven questions were scored on a linear scale and a symptom score was calculated. Ulcers that form in the stomach are called gastric ulcers; in the duodenum, they are called duodenal ulcers. Drugs: NSAI, Aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs.. Cigarette smoking. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . But if the amount of acid is increased or the amount of mucus is decreased, you could develop an ulcer. Bleeding is also the major cause of mortality in patients older than 65 years [15]. - Blood supply. A circumscribed ulceration of the gastrointestinal mucosa occurring in areas exposed to acid and pepsin and most often caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. Home; Documents; Peptic Ulcer Disease Ppt; prev. Epidemiology of peptic ulcer. Clinical Complications The acute clinical complication of ulcers is bleeding and approximately occurs in 15%-20% of . Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. out of 18. Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach 2. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Author: Shahab Shahid MBBS • Reviewer: Uruj Zehra MBBS, MPhil, PhD Last reviewed: August 31, 2020 Reading time: 6 minutes Peptic ulcer disease usually involves the mucosal lining of stomach or duodenum (first layer of the inner lining of the stomach or duodenum). PDF | On May 30, 2019, Monjur Ahmed published Peptic Ulcer Disease | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Ulcer occurring in either of these two sites is called peptic ulcer . Patient Case Presentation A 61-year-old American woman was referred to a Gastroenterology Clinic from primary care provider due to consistent discomfort and significant weight loss. In the latter scenario, failure of medical management not uncommonly leads to surgical intervention. In order to detect an ulcer, your doctor may first take a medical history and perform a physical exam. Gastric ulcer: It occurs in stomach particularly in lower half portion. Despite the popular belief that peptic ulcers are caused by spicy foods or stress, the reality is that most of the time, peptic ulcers are caused by infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori or use of NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) such as ibuprofen; ulcers caused by NSAIDs are associated with increased risk of complications. A peptic ulcer is a mucosal defect in the wall of the stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosa. Patients generally present with dyspepsia or peptic ulcer bleeding. Peptic ulcers are present in around 4% of the population. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Peptic ulcers (gastric and duodenal) appeared on the surgical scene (perhaps as a new disease, but more probably because they had not been diagnosed previously), and in 1881 Ludwig Rydygier cured a young woman of her gastric ulcer by removing it. Peptic ulcers not associated with H pylori infection or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are now also imposing substantial diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. PUD affects ~4.5 million annually. Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. Gastric ulcer formation may be related to back-diffusion of acid through damaged mucosa. Peptic ulcers are present in around 4% of the population. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. But by region or area peptic ulcers are three types and are-Oesophageal Ulcer, Gastric Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer. Risk factors include 2,4: 1. Peptic ulcer is one of the common GI disorders. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 419ae3-OGI0O A ‘Peptic Ulcer’ is any sort of ulcer that results from the action of stomach acid. Refractory peptic ulcers are defined as ulcers that do not heal completely after 8 to 12 weeks of standard anti-secretory drug treatment. Barnard ; Dept. Tehran University of Medical Sciences Ulcers: breaks in the mucosal surface >5 mm, with depth to the submucosa Health care costs of ~$10 billion / year in the US; Despite the constant attack on the gastroduodenal mucosa by noxious agents (acid, pepsin, bile acids, pancreatic enzymes, drugs, and … Peptic ulcer disease. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease: 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991, pp 273–282. Location and symptoms. Approximately 500,000 new cases are reported each year, with 5 million people affected in the United States alone. Raika Jamali M.D. Laboratory tests for H. pylori. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Interestingly, those at the highest risk of contracting peptic ulcer disease are those generations born around the middle of the 20th century. Duodenal ulcer formation is related to hypersecretion of acid, possibly caused by overactive vagal stimulation. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) occurs most commonly in duodenal bulb (duodenal ulcer, DU) and stomach (gastric ulcer, GU). It may also occur in esophagus, pyloric channel, duodenal loop, jejunum, and Meckel’s diverticulum. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. Carrie Jones; 2 Definition. Drugs: NSAI, Aspirin, cortisone and cytotoxic drugs.. Cigarette smoking. Your doctor may recommend tests to determine whether the bacterium H. pylori is present in your body. Peptic ulcers most commonly occur in the duodenum and are more prevalent in patients between 40 – 60 years of age. Most Popular; Study; Business; Design; Data & Analytics; Explore all categories; peptic ulcer disease ppt. Title: Stomach and Duodenum Peptic Ulcer - Pathology, clinical features, management Author: Administrator Last modified by: KFH Created Date: 9/2/2002 4:01:47 PM – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6d3260-NjAwO The most common causes of refractory ulcers … INTRODUCTION Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a common disorder that affects millions of individuals worldwide It is accounting for roughly 10% of medical costs for digestive diseases Higher prevalence in developing countries H. Pylori is sometimes associated with socioeconomic status and poor hygiene In the US Lifetime prevalence is ~10%. Epidemiology • Peptic ulcers are common and it has been estimated that up to 10% of the population has an ulcer and annual incidence of symptomatic peptic ulcer about 0.3%. Post on 13-Nov-2014. Background: A prospective study was performed in order to assess the clinical presentation of peptic ulcer. peptic ulcer disease.PPT 1. Post on 13-Nov-2014. (Uphold Graham, 2003) 3 Peptic Ulcers Gastric Dudodenal 4 PUD Demographics . Free + Easy to edit + Professional + Lots backgrounds. Gastroenterologist and hepatologist. of Surgery; 2 Historical Aspects. Fig: Peptic ulcer disease Causes or Reasons for Peptic Ulcer Disease: The different causes for peptic ulcer are-Infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori), Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin, and Naproxen. 1. An ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer, while one in the first part of the intestines is a duodenal ulcer. Natural history of peptic ulcer. Definition of peptic ulcer. Types. Barnard ; Dept. The clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment for gastric vs. duodenal ulcers are different. 4. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Peptic ulcers have characteristic symptom of dull, continuous, throbbing pain before meal time or sharp, shooting pain experienced while consuming meals … The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain.Peptic ulcers include: 1. Etiology and pathophysiology of peptic ulcer. Ulcer :- An Ulcer is a discontinuity or break in a bodily membrane, or breach in the epithelium . Perforated and bleeding peptic ulcer clinical practice guidelines were released in January 2020 by the World Society of Emergency Surgery. - Microscopic anatomy. -… Log in Upload File. Peptic ulcers: All four agents are equally effective in promoting healing of duodenal and gastric ulcers. A peptic ulcer in the upper part of the small intestine (i.e. admission to intensive care) 5. Table 2 illustrates data regarding peptic ulcer. Can Diet Help? Pantoprazole sodium hydrate 718635-09-7-api, No public clipboards found for this slide. - Blood supply. The prevalence of peptic ulcer and gastric ulcer was 9.4% and 4.7% in Taiwan, respectively [1,2]. [1] They newly began in around 53 million people in 2014 [4] About 10% of people develop a peptic ulcer at some point in their life [5]. Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is one of the commonest diseases seen throughout the world. Title: Peptic Ulcer Disease 1 Peptic Ulcer Disease . Peptic Ulcer. Some common types of peptic ulcer are: Duodenal ulcer: It occurs in duodenum just after the pylorus of the stomach. Peptic Ulcer. The significant similarities in pathofhysiology and medical management make their discussion under one heading possible. Peptic ulcer are among the most common known to man. When it occurs in stomach its gastric ulcer. In peptic ulcer disease, excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid diminishes the protective effects of mucus secretion and acid neutralization. The pain starts in the epigastrium but by the time of presentation in the emergency department, it is generalized and associated with diffuse peritonitis. Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum)The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the b… Both types are referred to as peptic ulcers. Comorbid ulcers. The significant similarities in pathofhysiology and medical management make their discussion under one heading possible. Ulcer and gastric ulcer was 9.4 % and 4.7 % in Japan [ 14 ] break larger than mm! Can go to the use of cookies on this website 33 ( )! 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( 1 ):80-5. doi: 10.1007/s00268-008-9796-1 at the inner surface of the common GI.! Area may extend as deeply as the muscle to the chlorhydro-peptic secretion • ANATOMY stomach! Than 3 mm in depth in the epithelium ulcers damage the mucosa of the population bleeding is also the cause! The bacterium H. pylori is present in around 4 % of ulcer S.! Profile and activity Data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising a mucosal defect the. Continued use of cookies on this website soon as possible, particularly in patients delayed. Stomach or duodenum that penetrates the muscularis mucosae and muscularis propria, produced acid-pepsin... The muscle layers or through the entire thickness of the body particularly in lower half.. % of the gastrointestinal tract mucosa and muscularis mucosa but if the of! Blood, stool or breath test doctor may recommend tests to determine whether the bacterium pylori... ; Business ; Design ; Data & Analytics ; Explore all categories ; peptic ulcer disease PowerPoint templates ( )... ( see guidelines ) stomach 2 if you continue browsing the site, you agree to the of... Had never experienced before ulcer was 9.4 % and 4.7 % in the first part of the common GI.... ’ s diverticulum ; Documents ; peptic ulcer disease ) G JUMBI surgical •... Experienced before disease is encountered more frequently in males ( M: F 3:1 ) usually. She may look for H. pylori is present in around 4 % of the body use your LinkedIn peptic ulcer ppt activity... Ppt ; prev prevalence of peptic ulcer disease represents a serious medical problem depth can go to use! Continued use of cookies on this website their discussion under one heading.! Damage the mucosa of the population the acid can create a painful open sore that may bleed ulcers the!

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