deconstruction literary theory

In anthropology, deconstruction contributed to an increased awareness of the role that anthropological field-workers play in shaping, rather than merely describing, the situations they report on and to a greater concern about the discipline’s historical connections to colonialism. Eliot’s Tradition and the Individual Talent. With an emphasis on readers and reading, Jonathan Culler considered deconstruction in terms of the questions raised by psychoanalytic, feminist, and reader-response criticism. ISBN-13: 978-0198128960. In psychoanalysis, deconstructive readings of texts by Sigmund Freud and others drew attention to the role of language in the formation of the psyche; showed how psychoanalytic case studies are shaped by the kinds of psychic mechanisms that they purport to analyze (thus, Freud’s writings are themselves organized by processes of repression, condensation, and displacement); and questioned the logocentric presuppositions of psychoanalytic theory. , 1844–1900, German philosopher, b. Röcken, Prussia. Conclusion Deconstruction theory believes in the dynamics of literature and language. In the United States, the Critical Legal Studies movement applied deconstruction to legal writing in an effort to reveal conflicts between principles and counterprinciples in legal theory. As a result, deconstructionists see texts as more radically heterogeneous than do formalists. As J. Hillis Miller, the preeminent American deconstructionist, has explained in an essay entitled Stevens’ Rock and Criticism as Cure (1976), “Deconstruction is not a dismantling of the structure of a text, but a demonstration that it has already dismantled itself. Derrida challenged the conventional cultural markers of…. Deconstruction’s reception was coloured by its intellectual predecessors, most notably structuralism and New Criticism. Howard Felperin (Author) 3.0 out of 5 stars 1 rating. On Deconstruction is both an authoritative synthesis of Derrida's thought and an analysis of the often-problematic relation between his philosophical writings and the work of literary critics. In general, deconstruction is a philosophy of meaning, which deals with the ways that meaning is constructed by writers, texts, and readers. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. There is a focus on the actual rhetoric and verbiage of the text as … Shift your focus a little, and you'll see the spaces between the frame's 'bones.' It owed its origins in part to the linguistic and other work of French philosophers and critics such as Ferdinand de Saussure, Michel Foucault, and Jacques Derrida. As a result, deconstruction became associated and sometimes confused with other trends, including reader response theory, which argues that a text's Arguing that identity is the product or result of action rather than the source of it, they embraced a performative concept of identity modeled on the way in which linguistic acts (such as promising) work to bring into being the entities (the promise) to which they refer. Deconstruction made its first inroads in the United States through departments of literary criticism, which sought new strategies for interpreting literary texts. Although its ultimate aim may be to criticize Western logic, deconstruction arose as a response to structuralism and formalism. Introduction to Modern Literary Theory. Between the late 1960s and the early 1980s, many thinkers were influenced by deconstruction, including Paul de Man, Geoffrey Hartman, and J. Hillis Miller. They generally examined the individual work not as a self-contained artifact but as a product of relations with other texts or discourses, literary and nonliterary. The work of Judith Butler, for example, challenged the claim that feminist politics requires a distinct identity for women. OLR devotes itself to outstanding writing in deconstruction, literary theory, psychoanalytic theory, political theory and related forms of exploratory thought. Deconstructionists, by contrast, see works in terms of their undecidability. Without oversimplifying or glossing over the challenges, Norris makes deconstruction more accessible to the reader. 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Finally, these readings placed special emphasis on the ways in which the works themselves offered implicit critiques of the categories that critics used to analyze them. Some…, …his poststructuralist project to “deconstruct” the binary structures of thinking on which Western culture appeared to be based and to expose the hierarchies of power sustained by such simple oppositions (such as the favouring of speech over writing or masculine over feminine). It is in the first instance a philosophical theory and a theory directed towards the (re)reading of philosophical writings. 1. a theory of textual analysis positing that a text has no stable reference and questioning assumptions about the ability of language to represent reality. The frame shows what the building will look like, but that's not the only part. Retrouvez Beyond Deconstruction: Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Deconstruction was both created and has been profoundly influenced by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. Deconstruction, in essence, allows the reader to “take apart” a text in order to decipher a new meaning. By Nasrullah Mambrol on March 22, 2016 • ( 10 ), Deconstruction involves the close reading of texts in order to demonstrate that any given text has irreconcilably contradictory meanings, rather than being a unified, logical whole. (dē′kən-strŭk′shən) n. A philosophical movement and theory of literary criticism that questions traditional assumptions about certainty, identity, and truth; asserts that words can only refer to other words; and attempts to demonstrate how statements about any text subvert their own meanings. It is in fact much closer to the original meaning of the word 'analysis' itself, which etymologically means "to undo" -- a virtual … Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts. Though a deconstructive reading can reveal the incompatible possibilities generated by the text, it is impossible for the reader to settle on any permanent meanings. 2. a philosophical and critical movement that started in France in the 1960s, holding this theory. Deconstruction offered a powerful critique of the possibility of creating detached, scientific metalanguages and was thus categorized (along with kindred efforts) as “post-structuralist.” Anglo-American New Criticism sought to understand verbal works of art (especially poetry) as complex constructions made up of different and contrasting levels of literal and nonliteral meanings, and it emphasized the role of paradox and irony in these artifacts. This perspective was influential in gay and lesbian studies, or “queer theory,” as the academic avant-garde linked to movements of gay liberation styled itself. DECONSTRUCTION IN PRACTICE In deconstruction the signified and the signifier are unstable, and can take on multiple meanings. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Deconstruction in the social sciences and the arts. Despite such attacks, deconstruction has had an enormous impact on a variety of intellectual enterprises. They reject the formalist view that a work of literature is demonstrably unified from beginning to end, in one certain way, or that it is organized around a single centre that ultimately can be identified. Here the goal has been to interpret past texts; the intentions of the author, as revealed in those texts, set limits to possible interpretations even where they do not mandate a single one. theory of deconstruction 1. tion. Combining deconstruction’s interest in tension and oppositions with the design vocabulary of Russian constructivism, deconstructivist architects such as Frank Gehry challenged the functionalist aesthetic of modern architecture through designs using radical geometries, irregular forms, and complex, dynamic constructions. Derrida and Hillis Miller were subsequently affiliated with the University of California, Irvine. The movement explored fundamental oppositions such as public and private, essence and accident, and substance and form. Some philosophers, especially those in the Anglo-American tradition, dismissed it as obscurantist wordplay whose major claims, when intelligible, were either trivial or false. vance guard in American literary studies in the 1970s and 80s, scan-dalizing departments of English, French, and comparative literature. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Deconstruction’s influence widened to include a variety of other disciplines. Structuralist methods were soon applied to other areas of the social sciences and humanities, including literary studies. Extending the philosophical excursions of Nietzsche Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Finally, the influence of deconstruction spread beyond the humanities and social sciences to the arts and architecture. Deconstruction, as applied in the criticism of literature, designates a theory and practice of reading which questions and claims to "subvert" or "undermine" the assumption that the system of language provides grounds that are adequate to establish the boundaries, the coherence or unity, and the determinate meanings of a literary text. He also rejected the structuralist belief that texts have identifiable “centres” of meaning–a belief structuralists shared with formalists. Derrida suggests these oppositions are hierarchies in miniature, containing one term that Western culture views as positive or superior and another considered negative or inferior, even if only slightly so. The critical movement generally known as deconstruction centred on the instability and protean ambiguity of language. The information below is meant merely as a guide or introduction to modern literary theories and trends. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Without oversimplifying or glossing over the challenges, Norris makes deconstruction more accessible to the reader. Deconstruction is a poststructuralist theory, based largely but not exclusively on the writings of Derrida. CAN HE IS CONSIDERED A DE- CONSTRUCTOR …. In her book The Critical Difference (1981), Barbara Johnson clarifies the term: "Deconstruction is not synonymous with "destruction", however. ISBN-10: 0198128967. The volume focuses on the works of Jacques Derrida which caused this seismic shift in critical thought, as well as the work of N Beyond Deconstruction: The Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory Howard Felperin Abstract. Deconstruction is a literary criticism movement originated by French critic Jacques Derrida in 1960’s. Literary criticism Theory of deconstruction Mam Fariha Shafqat Huma Nawaz(1060) M.A English (B) 2014-2016 University of education Bank road campus Lahore Subject Topic Submitted to Submitted by Class session 2. Noté /5. But if you really want to set deconstruction to work, you've got to work to achieve that goal. Derrida, who coined the term deconstruction, argues that in Western culture, people tend to think and express their thoughts in terms of binary oppositions (white / black, masculine / feminine, cause /effect, conscious /unconscious, presence / absence, speech writing). Learn about Author Central . This group came to be known as the Yale school and was especially influential in literary criticism. …the challenge of postmodernism and deconstruction been felt more keenly than in the history of ideas. Most generally, deconstruction joined with other strands of poststructural and postmodern thinking to inspire a suspicion of established intellectual categories and a skepticism about the possibility of objectivity. Formalists ultimately make sense of the ambiguities they find in a given text, arguing that every ambiguity serves a definite, meaningful, and demonstrable literary function. Beyond Deconstruction: The Uses and Abuses of Literary Theory Reprint Edition by Howard Felperin (Author) › Visit Amazon's Howard Felperin Page. Derrida did not believe that structuralists could explain the laws governing human signification and thus provide the key to understanding the form and meaning of everything from an African village to Greek myth to a literary text. deconstruction in a nutshell. Reading against the grain, finding the loopholes, looking for silly grammatical glitches and proving that … Deconstruction: Theory and Practice has been acclaimed as by far the most readable, concise and authoritative guide to this topic. Are you an author? 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